Table 2: EUROPEAN DIVORCE RATES, WAITING PERIODS, AND RECONCILIATION COUNSELING LAWS


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Country


Divorce Rate per 1000 in 1999


Effective Waiting

Period for No-Fault Divorce


Reconciliation Counseling Law


Ireland


--


4
years.


All lawyers must give clients names of qualified

counselors.


Italy


0.60 (in 2000)


3
years.


None.


Greece


0.90


4
years.


None.


Spain


0.94


1
year.


One session required.


Poland


1.09


N/A. (No no-fault divorce.)


One session required, with judge, who may then refer couple to specialists.


Bulgaria


1.19


N/A. (No no-fault divorce.)


One session required. Judge may require more sessions.


Portugal


1.79


3
years. (1 year with consent to divorce; None if also a full agreement on child and economic issues.)


One session required.


France


1.98


6
years. (None with mutual consent.)


One session required.


Norway


2.04


1
year.


None.


Netherlands


2.12


None.


None.


Austria


2.29


3
years. (6 months with mutual consent.)


Judge can delay to allow

reconciliation, but counseling is only if both spouses want.


Czech Rep.


2.30


None. (But court may deny divorce for "hardship.")


None.


Germany


2.32


3
years. (But court may deny divorce for "hardship." 1 year with mutual consent.)


Judge can delay to allow

reconciliation, but not if both spouses object and have lived apart 3 years.


Sweden


2.37


6 months.
(None with mutual consent.)


None.


Denmark


2.54


1
year. (6 months with mutual consent.)


Only if both spouses want.


Hungary


2.54


None.


Mandatory, without

exception. Also, judge may delay case for 3 months, and divorce case is then dismissed unless both parties want it to continue.


Belgium


2.58


2
years. (None with mutual consent.)


If either spouse wants.


England/ Wales


2.66


5
years. (2 years with mutual consent.)


All lawyers must discuss

reconciliation with clients, and give names of qualified counselors.


Scotland


2.66


5
years. (2 years with mutual consent.)


None.


Finland


2.72


6 months.


None.


Switzerland


2.91


4
years. (None with mutual consent and a full agreement on child and economic issues.)


None.


Russia


3.65


None. (But husband cannot file for

divorce without wife’s consent while she is pregnant or a child is under 1 year old.)


Judge can delay to allow

reconciliation for up to 3 months, but only in a

contested case.



 

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